First Presbyterian Church in Covington is celebrating its 200th anniversary this year.

The church, located at the corner of Maple Avenue and Locust Street in downtown Covington, traces its official roots back to 1819.

In conjunction with this 200-year milestone, the church has already held several events associated with the anniversary this year.

Special events are also planned for the weekend of Saturday, Sept. 28, and Sunday, Sept. 29.

The following is a history of First Presbyterian Church, written by R. Meade Snyder in 1994, and updated by Sara Lu Snyder in 2009 and again in 2019.

The Covington Presbyterian Church was organized in 1819 as a congregation in Lexington Presbytery.  However, Presbyterian services took place in Covington as early as 1775 or 1780. 

The Presbyterian seed was sown in Covington by the Scots-Irish immigrants who found sanctuary from religious persecution in Scotland and Northern Ireland by settling on Virginia’s frontier, the highlands of the Appalachian mountains. These sturdy, determined settlers no longer faced religious intolerance but now other dilemmas that challenged their faith. The most notable of these was the constant threat of attack by Indians.

The first house of worship was built about 1770. It was first used as a fort against Indian attacks. The structure stood on Main Street in the block north of the present post office. The building was also used by Methodists for worship and served as the first school house and first courthouse in Covington.  

The building was constructed of logs, seated about 200 people and had a gallery with portholes through which the worshippers could defend themselves against an attack by Indians.  

Thus, the building’s original purpose was very advantageous to the safety of the early Presbyterians. These early worshippers would place a guard outside the building to warn the congregation of an Indian attack. Covington’s Presbyterian ancestry carried a Bible in one arm and a rifle in the other on their way to the worship service.

Due to its location on the frontier and the relative scarcity of ministers in the area at that time, the early church was served by a minister, or circuit rider, only a few times a year. During the months of May and October of 1775 to 1780 the Presbyterian minister, the Reverend Edward Crawford, from the Cowpasture River area, was coming to this territory to preach, to celebrate the sacrament of communion and baptize children for the families who were the pioneer Presbyterians of this area.   

Other ministers followed Reverend Crawford. They were Mr. McCue, Mr. Benjamin Grisby, Mr. Christopher Clark and Mr. Robert Anderson of Rockbridge County.  

The first regular minister in Covington was the Reverend Jeremiah Burns. Mr. Burns served the church for 10 years. Upon the termination of Mr. Burns’ ministry the church was served with the occasional preaching of Mr. Samuel Houston, Mr. Bard, Mr. Graham, Mr. George Baxter, Dr. John McElhenny, Mr. John D. Ewing and Mr. Andrew B. Davidson.

The Presbyterian Church, Covington, Virginia, was organized under the leadership of Dr. John McElhenny of then Lewisburg, Virginia, in July of 1819.

This was the same year that Covington was officially designated as a town.  

The ministers present at the ceremony were Dr. John McElhenny and Andrew B. Davidson. Dr. McElhenny installed Peter Wright, Conrad Fudge and John Brennemer as elders at this time.  There were 41 charter members of Covington Presbyterian Church. They were:  Conrad Fudge, Elizabeth Fudge, John Brennemer, Christina Brennemer, Peter Wright, Sarah Wright, Thomas McCollister, Jane McCollister, Mary Smith, Elizabeth Glassburn, Jacob Persinger, Dr. Walker Merry, Mary F. Merry, Mrs. Elizabeth Moore Scott, Rachel Cameron Scott, Sarah Anderson, Charlotte Anderson, Mary H. Anderson, Mary Damron, Patsy (or Polly) Carpenter, Catherine Daggs, John A. Black, John Allen, Jane Allen, Mary Layne, Robert Skeene, Mary Skeene, Moses Hamilton Mann, Solomon Scouton, Jacob Cunningham, Susan Cunningham, Joseph Daniels, Sallie Daniels, John Holloway, Francis Gardener, Christina Mallow, Mary Walters, George Sawyers, Robert Whitman, Mary (Polly) Hart and Jane Pitzer.  

On Aug. 11, 1821, Francis Gardener, Joseph Daniels, Jacob Cunningham, Joseph Irvine, John Holloway and Soloman Scouton were also ordained as elders. Morton chronicled the important role played by the elder in the early Covington Presbyterian Church in Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia:   

There being no resident minister for some time, the duties of the elder were very real and sometimes arduous.  He visited the sick, having sometimes long distances to travel, and conducted such religious services as were held. 

Thus, the church elders were able to provide an organized, stable house of worship that met regularly for the community in the absence of a minister.

The first minister called to serve the Covington Presbyterian Church was the Reverend John A. Vanlear, who served as minister for about four years. 

However, little is known about the period from 1823 to 1832.

The Reverend Dion C. Pharr became the pastor in 1832 and served in that capacity until his death in 1852. Upon the arrival and installation of Reverend Pharr, only one elder and 12 members of the original 41 remained due either to departure or death.  

They were elder Solomon Scouton and Mrs. Elizabeth Moore Scott, Mrs. Rachel Cameron Scott, Miss Julia Daggs, Miss Patsy Carpenter, Moses Hamilton Mann, Peter Dressler, Dr. Walker Merry, Mary F. Merry, John Holloway, Elizabeth Holloway, Thomas McCollister and Jane McCollister.  

Reverend Pharr began to rebuild his congregation by first building a new house of worship.  On Dec. 16, 1833, a lot was purchased from F. H. Mays of Fincastle, Virginia for the sum of $100.00. The lot was situated on Main Street next to the business of A.A. McAllister and Sons Co. The new church building, an attractive brick structure, was completed in the latter part of 1834. The congregation worshipped here until 1896. 

Several other notable events occurred under the guidance of Reverend Pharr.  Covington Presbyterian Church was one of 16 churches designated by the Synod of Virginia to form the Presbytery of Montgomery on Nov. 10, 1843.  Palestine Chapel was erected in 1845 as a chapel of First Presbyterian Church of Covington. The land for the chapel was deeded by John Crow, who was the proprietor of the old Stagecoach Inn on what is now Routes 311 and 159.  

Covington Presbyterian Church also had a satellite church in Oakland. Oakland Church served as a Presbyterian mission from 1848 until 1871 when it was organized on its own, by authority of the Montgomery Presbytery, with 15 members and three ruling elders.   Oakland Church was subsequently the mother church of those at Clifton Forge, Low Moor and Rich Patch.  

In April 1845, Reverend Pharr received into the church upon examination the first colored members, Hannah and George Sampson. It was evident from the 1840 ledger of the Commissioner of Revenue that Mr. Pharr owned two slaves and was taxed accordingly. The names of these two slaves were not given.

Upon the death of Mr. Pharr in 1852 the Reverend A. L. Hogshead became pastor of the Covington Presbyterian Church and served in that capacity until 1856.  Thirty-one members were added to the fold under Reverend Hogshead. 

Mr. Hogshead left for another church in 1856. The pulpit was vacant for some time and it was during this period that worship services were held in homes of members, perhaps in order to save fuel and the labor of cleaning the church building.

The Reverend J.M. Rice served the church from July 1859 to August 1880. Reverend Rice served not only Covington Presbyterian Church, but all other Presbyterian churches in Alleghany County. He also was pastor during the War between the States and held the pastorate longer than any minister to date. He earned the loving title, “The Bishop of the Alleghanies.” 

In 1881, the Reverend W.A. Dabney became pastor of the Covington Presbyterian Church and served for two years. He was succeeded by the Reverend W.E. Hill, who served from 1883 to 1889. “The Ladies Aid Society” was organized by Reverend Hill. Miss Mag McCurdy served as the first president until she was forced to retire in 1916 due to failing health.

The church was without a minister from 1889 to 1891. This vacancy was filled by the Reverend Colin Stokes who served until 1904. Two kinds of building took place under the guidance of Mr. Stokes. On April 28, 1895, a congregational meeting was held to decide whether or not a new church building should be erected.  

It was decided that a new church should be built by a vote of 54 to five. The need for a new church arose from structural damage in the Main Street church building. 

On Nov. 1, 1895, Lot 30, on the corner of Maple Avenue and Riverside Avenue (then Water Street) was deeded by Joseph M. Boswell, Virginia C. Boswell, and J.J. Hobbs to the trustees of Covington Presbyterian Church; J.B. Long, E.K. Dressler, and Charles Clarke, for the sum of $1000.00. The new church building was completed in 1896. Loving Funeral Home is presently located in the building.

The second building project under Mr. Stokes was in relation to the Presbyterian Chapel in Mallow. The first members were received into the Presbyterian Chapel on Sept. 20, 1896. The members met in the Bend Schoolhouse on Mallow Road.  

On Sept. 5, 1899, Mrs. Charlotte A. Bridgett donated land for the building of a church. The new church building was erected after the schoolhouse burned. It remained as a Presbyterian chapel until Nov. 24, 1940, when it was organized by Presbytery as the Mallow Presbyterian Church with 178 charter members.

Reverend Stokes was succeeded by the Reverend Clyde Sheltman, who served from 1904 to 1907. The Reverend E.C. Lynch was then called to served as pastor and did so until 1912. 

The Reverend Thomas Kay Young came to the church in 1912 and served as pastor until 1918. Dr. Young also served Logan and Holden Presbyterian Church in West Virginia (1911-1912), First Presbyterian Church in Lexington, (1918-1924), First Presbyterian Church in Roanoke (1924-1930), Idlewild Presbyterian Church in Memphis, Tenn. (1930-1954), and was moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church U.S. (Southern) in 1945.  

It was during his time in Covington that McAllister Memorial Presbyterian Church was organized. The church was named in honor of Mr. William McAllister of Warm Springs and Mr. A.A. McAllister of Covington.  

Covington Presbyterian Church contributed to the building fund of McAllister Memorial Presbyterian Church until the last debt was paid.

Dr. Young was followed by the Reverend D.J. Woods who served from 1919 to 1921. It was on March 2, 1919 that the name of the church was changed from Covington Presbyterian Church to the First Presbyterian Church.  

This name was more indicative of the church’s founding role in the Presbyterian community. The Women’s Auxiliary was strengthened under the guidance of Reverend Woods. The “Pastor’s Aiders” organization came into being under Dr. Woods.

The Reverend J. Harry Whitmore became pastor of First Presbyterian Church on Jan. 16, 1921, and remained until 1927. It was under Dr. Whitmore that the present church building was erected.  

The original lot was purchased from J. H. and Mary Evelyn Carpenter for $13,500.00 on May 5, 1920.  On May 7, 1921, the congregation awarded the contact to the Harrison Construction Company of Petersburg. The architect was Nevin, Wishmyer and Morgan of Louisville, Ky. On May 21, 1922 a ground breaking ceremony was held with Mrs. Annie T. Stokes, wife of Reverend Colin Stokes, turning the first trowel of dirt.  

The last service was held at the old building on March 23, 1924. On Sunday morning, March 30, 1924, the Sunday School, led by Harold G. Bell, superintendent, marched down Maple Avenue to the new building.

The Reverend Wilbur M. Smith became pastor in May of 1927. He served until 1930. He was succeeded in January of 1931 by the Reverend J.E. Cousar, Jr.  Dr. Cousar had been a missionary to Japan prior to his pastorate in Covington. He remained at First Presbyterian Church for 13 years.  

In 1939, First Presbyterian Church began a Sunday School in the Altamont section of the community. This chapel grew and on Feb. 3, 1952, it was organized into the Altamont Presbyterian Church.

First Presbyterian Church liquidated its building indebtedness in 1943.  This occasion was formally celebrated on May 2, 1943, with a “Mortgage Burning and Home-Coming Day.”  The entire cost of the building with all of its equipment, including all interest paid to date, was $145,839.89.

The Reverend C.J. Hollandsworth was called by the congregation to serve as pastor in 1945. He served First Presbyterian Church until June of 1949.

Dr. Hollandsworth helped to organize a Young Couple’s Sunday School Class for the returning servicemen.

In 1950 the Reverend F. Hubert Morris became pastor and remained at First Presbyterian Church for 11 years. The educational building and the chapel were added during his tenure, thus tripling the educational facilities.

The Reverend Milton S. Carothers succeeded Dr. Morris in April of 1963 and served as pastor until 1969.  The manse on Riverside Avenue was sold and a new manse was built in Oakwood Forest. The sanctuary was renovated in order to accommodate the new pipe organ constructed by Casavant Freres Limitee of St. Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada.  

The architectural firm of Grigg, Wood and Browne was able to create a more equitable balance between the Word and sacraments as emphasized by Calvin. Heretofore, more importance had been placed on the Word. The sanctuary was renovated with greater focus on the sacraments accomplished by the physical and visual importance of the communion table and baptismal font. However, this was accomplished without diminishing the importance of the proclaimed Word through the use of the wine glass pulpit.

There are currently seven sons and daughters of the church who have pursued the ministry.

Marion Lenwood Topham was ordained July 24, 1948, Harry Samuel Topham was ordained May 31, 1953, Paul LaVern Hanks was ordained May 29, 1955, Dayton Ronald Glover was ordained July 23, 1961, Claude Ashton McMillion was ordained July 26, 1964, James Donald Glover was ordained July 26, 1964, and Paul Winslow Beazley was ordained July 20, 1965.

First Presbyterian Church was served by an interim pastor, the Reverend William B. Gold, from Oct. 19, 1969 to Feb. 25, 1970.  He was succeeded by the Reverend Burton J. Newman who served until 1978.  The Reverend Murray Page followed Dr. Newman and remained at First Presbyterian Church until 1985. The Reverend Carl C. Schiffeler served as the interim pastor from Nov. 1, 1985 to July 31, 1987. He was succeeded by the Reverend James A. Rohne who served as pastor from 1987 to 1998.  

The church celebrated its 175th anniversary during 1994 and hosted the May meeting of The Presbytery of the Peaks that year. 

The Reverend Dr. William Leonard was interim pastor from 1998 to 2000. The Reverend Dr. William G. Caperton followed as minister from 2000 to 2004, during which time the congregation changed from a bicameral to unicameral form of government.  

After a committee studied issues of accessibility of the church building for disabled persons, changes were made to the Locust Street entrance to the educational wing and a stair lift was installed near the parlor for access to the sanctuary.  During this time, the manse in Oakwood Forest was sold.

From 2004 to 2006, the Reverend Dr. Edgar C. Mayse served as interim minister. During this time, a special music ministry to the community began with the Music on the Corner Recital Series – four concerts during Advent, five during Lent and five to six during the summer, plus other concerts periodically.  These concerts feature talented area residents and occasional touring performances. Many in the community also attend the church’s traditional Christmas Eve Service of Lessons and Carols.

The Reverend Jamie B. Pharr became pastor in 2006. An additional music ministry and music education opportunity for the community’s young people was established in 2006 when the church created and staffed the Alleghany Highlands Children’s Chorus for young singers ages seven to 11.  

In May 2009 the congregation celebrated Sandra D. Minter’s 31-year anniversary as Director of Music. Presently, several members are serving on committees of The Presbytery of the Peaks. The minister and members of the congregation have made several recent mission trips to Romania, Ukraine and Brazil and the church continues its long history of support for many other mission projects both locally and abroad. On Feb. 22, 2014, the congregation rejoiced with the Reverend Pharr and the Reverend Neal Lloyd on the occasion of their marriage. In August of 2015, the Rev. Jamie Lloyd retired to oversee the medical care of her mother in Texas. 

In February of 2016, the Reverend James C. Slate became interim pastor. His wife, the Reverend Terri Lee Slate, assists by preaching on stated Sundays.  More efforts have been made to increase building accessibility: the rarely-used chapel was converted to a fellowship/worship space; the nursery was moved to the first floor; the old stair lift was replaced with a new state-of-the art, wheelchair-capable lift that provides accessibility to the sanctuary; a large classroom on the first floor was updated for use by the FPC Preschool that began in September 2016; the nearby courtyard, other classrooms and the fellowship room provide spaces for recreation and weekly music classes for the children. 

First Presbyterian Church continues its long-time emphasis on missions. Local outreach includes the FPC Preschool, COPE Food Pantry; South Covington Methodist Food Pantry; Men of Mission, Mission Week, Safehome Systems, Weekday Religious Education,  Local Emergency Fund, the 2-Cents-a-Meal Offering and Alleghany Highlands Community Mission Fair 2019. 

The annual budget and generous designated gifts for education support the Children’s Home of the Highlands; Massanetta Springs Camp and Conference Center; Union Presbyterian Seminary and Montreat Conference Center. 

Global outreach support for missionaries includes Miguel Petrosky, Young Adult Volunteer in Zambia, via PC(USA); Nadia Ayoub in Greece, via PC(USA); Dr. Martha Sommers in Malawi, via PC(USA); CEDEPCA  in Guatemala, via Presbytery of the Peaks; the Carriker Family in Brazil; Bread of Life, led by Eudoxio and Lucia Dos Santos in Brazil; Cayle and Nathan Fall, transition year; David Pandy-Szekeres, Christian Schools for Roma Children, Nagydobrony, Ukraine; and Elemer Barta, Roma Mission Center, Peterfalva, Ukraine. 

Denomination collections are the Pentecost Special Offerings, 40 percent benefitting children and youth locally, including the FPC Preschool Scholarship Fund; Global Witness and Peace Offering, promoting Peace of Christ by addressing systems of injustice across the world, 25 percent sustaining local peacemaking ministries, notably SafeHome Systems.  Christmas Joy Special Offering benefits Board of Pensions Assistance Program and Presbyterian racial ethnic schools.  

Through its local and global hunger ministry commitment, the church has recently received a special designation by the Presbyterian Church (USA)?as a Certified Hunger Action Congregation. A?member of the church, Denise Pillow, serves as the Hunger Action Advocate for the Presbytery of the Peaks.

As we now celebrate our rich pageant of history, the very foundation of our existence, we must look to the future with equal endeavor.  The great ends of the church are the proclamation of the gospel for the salvation of humankind; the shelter, nurture, and spiritual fellowship of the children of God; the maintenance of divine worship; the preservation of the truth; the promotion of social righteousness; and the exhibition of the Kingdom of Heaven to the World.


This photo taken from the balcony shows the sanctuary of First Presbyterian Church in downtown Covington. The church, which traces its official roots back to 1819, is celebrating its 200th anniversary next weekend. (Gavin Dressler Photo)