Introduction

Mountain View Elementary School & Clifton Middle School have a current student enrollment of 994 students (Mountain View, 546 & Clifton, 448) as of July 13, 2020. The total number of staff serving the school is 159 (Mountain View, 76 & Clifton, 83). The school was built in 2001 and houses an elementary school and middle school. Each area of the building will be referred to as Area A, Mountain View Elementary School or Area B, Clifton Middle School. Area A and Area B are both a one-story & two-story masonry structure with a brick facade. The basic structural components consist of masonry bearing walls & steel stud walls, steel bar joist and metal roof deck structure and concrete slab floors. Adjacent to the athletic field is a field house that houses restrooms and a concession stand and similar to the structural components of the main building. The school at 19 years old is in very good condition.

Area A, Mountain View Elementary School- 90,380 square feet

Area B, Clifton Middle School- 119,150 square feet

Civil Assessment (Site and Outdoor Facilities)

Area A, Mountain View Elementary School is currently situated on an approximately 16.08-acre site. The recommended size for new elementary school site is 4 acres as recommended by the Virginia Department of Education Regulations for Public School Building Construction. The number of parking spaces is adequate at 102 spaces and 3 ADA spaces on site.

Area B, Clifton Middle School is currently situated on an approximately 27.02-acre site. The recommended size for a new middle school is 10 acres as recommended by the Virginia Department of Education. The number of parking spaces is adequate at 139 spaces and 3 ADA spaces on site.

A parent pick-up and drop off is located directly in front of each school and appears to work efficiently. The school is currently served by city water and sewer. Parking is adequate for each school but would need to be increased if staff size increases.

Hardscapes: Pavement, Curbing and Sidewalks
Overall the site pavement on car lanes, playground blacktop, parking and sidewalks are in good condition with signs of typical cracking and wear
Recommendation: Remove any vegetation growing between cracks and infill. Reseal the surface
of the asphalt.

Storm Drain Systems & Surface Drainage
All site surface drainage appears to be operating properly and all curb and gutters in good condition

Traffic/Vehicular Circulation
The bus loading areas allows student drop-off and pick up near the side entrance to each respective middle and elementary school. The bus pickup and drop off loop appears adequate for multiple buses to que at once without entering or blocking adjacent streets. There is one entrance to the
building from Irvin Farm Road that then splits into Gleason Drive and Riverview Farm Road, each road leading to the entrance of each school, this can create congestion at the entrance/exits during rush hours. These are not considered immediate needs

Fencing & Landscaping
The metal fencing surrounding the field and all existing landscaping appears to be in good condition.

ADA & Fire Code Compliance
ADA parking and access ramps are in good condition and appear to be serving the school as designed. Fire truck access is good at the perimeter of the school. Field observation did not observe any fire hydrants at the perimeter of the school.

Architectural Assessment

Exterior
The building is generally in good condition. The surface mounted security system and light fixtures are in good condition. There are small areas with efflorescence along the exterior brick walls but are in overall good condition. All windows and exterior concrete sills are in good condition.
Recommendations: Aesthetics could be improved by power washing residual surface stains along exterior walls and gutters.

Interior
Lobby- Lobbies are typically vinyl composition tile with a rubber base, walls are painted masonry and the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights, all are in general good condition. The storefront window frames glazing, doors and door hardware are all in good
condition.
Near Library: Flooring is vinyl composition tile with a rubber base, walls are steel stud & painted gypsum board and are in good condition. The ceiling at the corridor is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights. There are instances of damaged acoustic ceiling tile adjacent to the office storefront windows. The ceiling in the vestibule is plaster with recessed downlights and plaster with pendant lighting in the main space. There are damaged areas to the ceiling plaster, particularly along edges and corners. The storefront window frames glazing, doors and door hardware are all in good condition.

Cafeteria/Dining- Flooring is vinyl composition tile with a rubber base, walls are both painted gypsum board & painted masonry and the ceiling is a combination of gypsum board bulkheads with recessed downlights in certain locations and 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights. The storefront window frames and glazing are all in good condition. The cafeteria floor, walls, ceiling, fixtures, display monitors, doors and door hardware are all in good condition.

Corridors- Vinyl composition tile flooring with a rubber base and painted masonry walls are in good condition. The ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights and are in good condition. Casework, wall mounted clocks and water fountains in corridors are also in good condition. Corridors in the classroom with of Clifton Middle school is painted gypsum board and is in good condition throughout.

Gyms- The gymnasium floor is synthetic flooring on concrete with a rubber base. The walls are painted masonry and ceilings are exposed to structure with pendant style light fixtures. Basketball system, spectator seating, floors, walls and fixtures are all in good condition.

Locker Rooms- The floor is mosaic ceramic tile and base, these can be steam cleaned to revive the grout joints. Walls are painted masonry and the ceilings are 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights and wall mounted light fixtures above sinks. Wall finish, ceiling finish and light fixtures appear to be in good condition. The existing metal lockers, benches, toilets and sink fixtures are in satisfactory condition. Water fountains are in good condition with the exception of one that extends 4” past the wall and does not meet code. There are instances of gypsum board ceiling with ceiling mounted light fixtures, these are also in good condition with. Showers are mosaic ceramic tile with full height tiled walls and gypsum ceilings with ceiling mounted light fixtures, all finishes and fixtures are in good condition. It is recommended that stains be cleaned off gypsum board ceiling as required. There is an ADA accessible shower stall available. Toilet partitions in some areas have rusted, stained, warped or de-laminated, it is recommended these be replaced as a general maintenance item along with any inoperable or rusted toilet accessory and any chipped tile.

Weight Room- The sealed concrete floor has minor cracks. Walls are painted masonry and light fixtures are pendant style on an exposed ceiling, all are in good condition. There is no rubber base present.

Music Room- Carpet flooring and rubber base are in good condition. Walls are full height painted gypsum board or painted masonry and the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights. Display boards/smart board, marker boards and tack boards and casework are in good condition. The windows, shades and sills are all in good condition.

Choral Room- Flooring is vinyl composite tile over concrete with a rubber base. The walls consist of painted masonry or painted gypsum board, the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed light fixtures. Marker boards, tack boards/strips and wall/ceiling mounted acoustical baffles are in good condition.

Band Room- Floor is fully carpeted, the walls consist of painted masonry or painted gypsum board, the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed light fixtures. Finishes along with marker boards, tack boards and wall/ceiling mounted acoustical baffles are in good condition.

Computer Rooms: Carpet floors, rubber base, 24”x24” acoustic ceiling tile with ceiling mounted pendant light fixtures. Room finishes, display board and wall mounted fixtures all seem to be in good condition.

Media Center (Clifton Middle Library): Carpet flooring with rubber base, walls are steel stud & painted gypsum board and the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights and gypsum board with pendant style light fixtures. Floor finish, wall finish, ceiling finish, marker boards and casework are all in good condition. The adjacent Audiovisual room has vinyl composition flooring and is also in good condition.

Auxiliary Rooms/Offices- Flooring is typically vinyl composition tile with a rubber base, walls are full height painted gypsum board or painted masonry and the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights, all are in general good condition.

YMCA Early Learning Office (130):

Resource Room (108):

Teacher Workroom (210): There is an area where acoustic ceiling tile is damaged, a replacement is recommended.

Multipurpose Room: ADA accessible sink, display monitor, marker boards and tack boards and casework are in good condition. The windows, shades and sills are also all in good condition.

Prep Room (107):

Storage Rooms:

Administration Area & Clinic- This area is made up of offices, auxiliary rooms to the front office and the front office itself. Walls are full height painted gypsum board or painted masonry and the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights, all are in general good condition with the exception of stained acoustic ceiling tile above the front office receptionist area. Secondary corridors, toilets, the health room, workroom and conference room all have vinyl composition tile flooring with a rubber base. Guidance offices and the principal & assistant principal offices have carpet flooring with rubber base. Both floor finishes are in good condition. Casework is in good condition and the toilet room and door hardware are ADA accessible.

Conference room in Clifton middle school has carpet flooring. There is damage to the carpet and acoustic ceiling tiles new the entrance, it is recommended that these finishes be replaced.

Classrooms/Labs- There are variations of insulated painted aluminum windows, windows with vent out openings and standard insulated glazing. Most all the flooring is vinyl composite tile over concrete with a rubber base, there are instances of classrooms covered partially with carpet and the remainder with vinyl composite tile, and fully carpeted. The walls consist of painted masonry or painted gypsum board, the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed light fixtures. Display boards, marker boards, chalkboards, tack boards, blinds and casework are in good condition. In general, the classrooms are in good condition.

Special Education: Toilets in classrooms are ADA accessible and are in good condition.

Pre-K and Kindergarten classrooms: Vinyl composite tile flooring is used in the toilet room and areas with casework and sinks with carpet covering the remainder of the classroom. A rubber base spans the perimeter of the room. Toilets in classrooms are appropriate size, it is recommended that
gypsum board on walls and floor tile around toilet be replaced due to staining. Appropriate classrooms have direct exterior access per building code requirements. Overall, these classrooms are in general good condition.

Classroom 109&206: There is an area where acoustic ceiling tile is damaged, a replacement is recommended.

Classroom 116: There are areas on the floor that show separation between vinyl composition tile.

Doors- Field observation did not observe any automatic operators to exterior doors at the perimeter of the school. Exterior doors are equipped with security access system. Interior & exterior doors, frames and door hardware are all in good condition and up to 2015 building code. For aesthetic improvements, hollow metal frames in classroom wings can be re-painted.

Library- Floor is carpet finish and rubber base, walls are full height painted gypsum board or painted masonry and the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights. Markerboards and casework are in good condition. The windows, shades and sills are all in good condition. In general, the library is in overall good condition.

Toilets- The floor is mosaic ceramic tile and base, these can be steam cleaned to revive the grout joints. Walls are painted masonry and the ceilings are 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile. Light fixtures are standard recessed lights in the ceiling and a wall mounted fixture above the sinks. Wall finish, ceiling finish and light fixtures appear to be in good condition. There are a few select areas where acoustic ceiling tile is damaged, it is recommended these be replaced. The existing toilets and sink fixtures are in satisfactory condition, some wall mounted plumbing fixtures may need to be recaulked.
Toilet partitions have rusted, stained, warped or de-laminated, it is recommended these be replaced as a general maintenance item along with any inoperable or rusted toilet accessory and any chipped tile.

Janitor Closets- Floor is vinyl composition tile with a rubber base, floor drain has visible marks of wear and tear. The walls are full height painted masonry and the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with ceiling mounted lights. Aesthetics could be improved by replacing floor tile, base, ceiling and floor drains.

Stair towers- Stairs are generally in good condition. The existing painted masonry walls, 24”x24” acoustic ceiling tiles, gypsum board bulkheads, recessed lighting and vinyl composition tile floor are all in good condition. Stair rubber treads and risers show a fair amount of wear and tear and
could be replaced as an aesthetic improvement.

There is an area with cracking in the face of the masonry and a floor shift in the west stair tower of the two-story building in Mountain View elementary school. The floor shift prevents the fire rated doors from opening and closing effectively.

Kitchen & Serving Areas- The floor throughout is quarry tile with quarry tile base, walls are painted masonry and ceilings are 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with ceiling mounted lights, all are in good condition. The serving lines appear to be adequate for the number of students. Kitchen equipment appears to be in good condition.

Auditorium / Stage- Floor is carpet finish and rubber base, walls are full height painted gypsum board or painted masonry and the ceiling is 24”x 24” acoustic ceiling tile with standard recessed lights. The stage flooring is hardwood over wood sleepers, these floors are still in good condition. Walls are painted masonry and ceiling is plaster, all in good condition. Stage lighting is also in
good condition.

Recommendation: Replace damaged finishes throughout the school including toilet partitions and inoperable or rusted toilet accessories. Install crack monitors to gauge any future movements or cracks getting larger and mitigate the “stuck” door in the west stair tower of the two-story building in Mountain View elementary school.

ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) Compliance

A limited ADA Compliance Assessment of Covington High school was conducted as part of RRMM’s Facilities Assessment. The following opportunities to provide additional accessible accommodations for students, staff and visitors were noted:

1. Add automatic operator to exterior door leading to auditorium.
2. Install accessible direction and room signage throughout the building.
3. Provide exterior signage indicating the location of the accessible entrance.
4. Protective plumbing wrap on the exposed piping beneath the accessible lavatories.

Plumbing Fixture Count

The plumbing fixture count is code compliant for the current student enrollment. If enrollments increase the plumbing fixture counts shall be re-evaluated.

Roof Systems Assessment

The flat roof with a slight slope towards the roof drains is a fully adhered singly ply membrane roofing system. Sloped roof assembly is comprised of shingle roofing over a felt layer and OSB sheathing. All roofs remain in good condition. Existing coping system, counterflashing and walkway pads appear to be in good condition. Several roof areas contain either an interior drain system or gutter and downspout system and all appear to be in good condition. The roofs are penetrated with roof top vents and piping. There are a few shingles overturned due to wind.
Recommendations: Replace or re-fasten overturned shingles. Provide strainers at roof drains with missing strainers.

Asbestos containing materials

There are currently no asbestos containing materials (ACM) present in this facility.

Mechanical Systems Assessment

Central heating and Cooling Systems:
Building is served by a 4-pipe heating and cooling system.
Boilers (2) are 200 HP oil-fired fire-tube Scotch Marine type of moderate efficiency. Oil tank is underground type.

Chiller is a single unit of 550 tons, water cooled, with an associated cooling tower.
Pumps for the chiller are primary-secondary type on the chilled water side and a single condenser water pump serves the condenser side to the cooling tower. None of the cooling pumps have a back-up. Secondary building pumps are variable speed for energy savings.
Pumps for the heating water side are primary-secondary for each boiler. Both boilers and pumps provide for back-up if any one of the boilers or pumps fail.

HVAC Controls: Controls are direct digital control (DDC) type. Central panels have recently been upgraded to Trane SC type.

Ducts: Ductwork is well within its expected lifetime.

Packaged HVAC units: Building has three rooftop air conditioners using direct expansion (DX) cooling to allow use when the chilled water system is deenergized.

Major Exhaust Equipment: Building has approximately 14 rooftop exhaust fans and 10 indoor exhaust fans. Units are just under their expected lifetime, but condition appears to be good in most cases.

Air Handling Units and Controls: Building is served by eight rooftop air 4-pipe conditioning systems (single zone) and eight indoor 4-pipe air handling units of a multizone type, serving series fan powered VAV boxes in each space (approximately 169 VAV boxes) plus a few more VAV
boxes of the shut-off type (without fan).

Air devices: Ceiling air devices were installed in 2001. Well within their expected lifetime.

Compressors/Refrigeration, and Pumps: Pumps appear to be in good condition and are well within their expected lifetime.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

This building appears to have been well maintained, and all systems are under 20 years old.

All costs include contractor’s OH&P.

1) Replace rooftop exhaust fans. $25,000
2) Replace Data room and rooftop condensing units. $17,000
3) Repair above-roof insulation at AC-D1 condensing unit. $1,500.

Electrical Systems Assessment

The Main Electrical Service to the school is original to the building (approximately 20 years old), is rated 277/480V-3Ph-3000A, and appears to be in good working order. The main electrical service equipment provides power to major equipment, as well as mechanical equipment, receptacle, and lighting branch circuit panelboards. It appears that existing distribution panels and branch circuit panelboards are sized and arranged to serve the current power needs of the school and installed to comply with the current National Electrical Code. The building has a 60 kW backup emergency generator, which powers emergency lighting and kitchen refrigeration equipment, and selected power receptacles.

Interior Lighting consists mostly of recessed light fixtures and some pendant lights with T-8/T-5 fluorescent lamps and electronic ballasts, as well as some compact fluorescent fixtures, that appear to be in reasonable working condition. Gymnasium lighting is comprised of HID high-baytype fixtures that are inefficient and lack flexibility in control. Throughout the building lighting levels appear to be in accordance with IESNA recommendations regarding maintained foot-candle levels, light uniformity, and light distribution for the current use of the spaces. Occupancy lighting controls are not present in the majority of spaces throughout the school, as required by the most recent International Energy Conservation Code adopted in the State of Virginia. It is recommended that energy efficient LED-type light be installed with automatic controls to both save energy and improve the learning environment for the teachers, students, and staff.

Emergency Egress Lighting is present in the building and is provided through a combination of integral battery ballasts in selected fluorescent light fixtures throughout the facility and walk-thru lighting connected to emergency power circuits. Exit Lighting utilizes efficient LED light sources, and integral battery backup and appear to be in good working order. Battery backup function of existing exit signs should be tested to verify if the exit light should be replaced.

Exterior Lighting is provided through a combination of under-canopy and wall-mounted light fixtures, as well as post-light fixtures. A nighttime survey of the existing lighting should be performed to evaluate the need for any exterior lighting upgrades. Any new exterior lighting provided should be high efficiency LED-type, with integral emergency drivers in any light fixtures located at exterior egress exits. An assessment should also be completed to determine the need for any additional parking lot lighting to ensure the safety and security of anyone on the school property during evening hours. In general, the exterior building lighting and parking lot light appears to be adequate.

The building has an addressable Fire Alarm System that appears to provide coverage and notification according to the edition of NFPA 72 in effect at the time of installation. A more detailed evaluation should be conducted to verify the adequacy of the existing system and to determine if a more comprehensive fire alarm system should be installed having voice evaluation alarms in accordance with the most recently adopted Virginia Construction Code.

Receptacles and Data Outlets are located throughout the building and in instructional spaces to serve the current needs of the teachers, students and staff. Additional receptacles and data/telecom outlets may need to be provided depending upon the projected future use of each instructional space. If additional receptacles are necessary, a limited number of electrical panelboards would be required as well to serve these receptacles and any specialty equipment requiring electrical power.

The building has a Public Address/Intercom System with recessed ceiling speakers located throughout, and desk set telephones provided in the classrooms. In addition, there is a Security Camera System in place for general surveillance of the common spaces. The Auditorium is equipped with Audio/Visual and Stage Lighting Systems that appear to be sufficient and in reasonable working order, and both the Gymnasium and the Cafeteria have dedicated Public Address Systems that appear to be adequate for the activities in each space.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

1) Provide additional point-of-use power in selected areas by adding a limited number of new branch circuit panelboards and receptacles for future space needs. $40,000

2) Replace all exit lighting. $15,000

3) Replace the interior lighting throughout the building and provide automatic lighting controls that are IECC compliant. $500,000

4) Provide additional exterior light fixtures to ensure security lighting coverage for safety and security. $30,000

5) Miscellaneous modifications to power distribution system to accommodate mechanical and plumbing upgrades. $100,000

Plumbing Systems Assessment

Clifton Middle School and Mountain View Elementary School was built in was built about 2000. The age of the building is such that toilet fixtures and piping are in good shape. Toilet fixtures meet ADA standards. Classroom sinks are stainless steel, with brass supply and waste piping, and are in good condition.

The domestic water service does have a backflow preventer at the entrance; the water service is supplemented with a duplex booster pump system and pressure tank. There is a shared domestic water service entrance for both the domestic and the sprinkler service. The domestic service has an RPZ backflow preventer.

Domestic hot water is produced by two (2) Rheem electric heaters, installed in 2012, that replaced the oil-fired units originally installed. The existing storage tank is being utilized. All are in good condition, providing 140°F water to the kitchen and 110°F water to the building loop. Additional A. O. Smith heaters are located in a mechanical room for localized HW in classroom wings, original to the building, 20 years old.

The sanitary lines in the building are original and in good condition. An exterior underground grease interceptor is installed.

Kitchen sink drain lines from the sinks are installed to discharge indirectly to floor sinks.

The propane gas system serves the science labs. No deficiencies were observed in the natural gas system.

This facility is equipped with a full wet pipe sprinkler system throughout the entire building. A fire pump is installed. A double check backflow preventer is installed on the service entrance.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

6) Replace the localized(classroom) water heaters (2) due to age. $16,000

Enrollment Capacity and DOE standards

The Current enrollment for the 2019-2020 year is 994 as of July 13, 2020;

Mountain View Elementary School; 5th grade 73, 4th grade 73, 3rd grade 71, 2nd grade 66, 1st Grade 75, Kindergarten 96, Pre-K 65, Early Child Hood 27, Total enrollment 546.

Clifton Middle School; 8th grade 155, 7th grade 143, 6th grade 150, Total enrollment 448.

These numbers do not exceed the building capacity based on the number of classrooms and the size of the educational spaces are closely approximate the sizes of spaces recommended in Department of Education guidelines and the U.S Department of Health & Human Service “Head
Start Program Performance Standards” for the current enrollment.

Capacity
The school student capacity equates to 1,489 (Mountain View, 750 & Clifton, 739), with expectations that the staff would also increase to 183 (Mountain View, 86 & Clifton, 97) based on an additional 495 students (Mountain View, 204 & Clifton, 291) at a 1:21 teacher ratio for a total capacity of 1,672.

Based upon a student capacity of 1,489, the dining areas (Mountain View, 3,693 SF & Clifton, 3,582 SF) are adequate based on 3 lunch seating times, 10 SF per K-5 student (2,500 SF required for Mountain View), 11 SF per 6-8 student (2,710 SF required for Clifton) and both middle & elementary school using rectangular tables with attached seats. The general kitchen (5,977 SF) meets the required 2,489 SF. Mountain View’s serving area at 900 SF and Clifton’s serving area at 1,410 SF meet the required 500 SF and 542 SF respectively based on school capacity. The shared stage falls short of the 1,200 SF requirement by 17.7%. Mountain View’s library workroom at 633 SF and Clifton’s at 523 SF both meet the minimum requirement of 150 SF. The interior gym storage in Mountain View (426 SF) meets the required 300 SF minimum for elementary schools where Clifton’s 341 SF of interior gym storage falls below the required 600 SF for middle schools by 43.2%. In Clifton Middle School, the existing health unit does not provide an accessible shower nor do the locker room offices contain a toilet or shower as recommended.

With a total of 105 permanent spaces & non-capacity spaces (Mountain View, 53 & Clifton, 52), 27 spaces (Mountain View, 16 & Clifton, 11) fall below the required square footage recommended by the DOE.

Area A, Mountain View Elementary School: With a total of 53 spaces, 16 fall short of the minimum requirements;

(1) PT/OT Resource room at 469 SF falls short of the required 800 SF by 41.4%.

(1) Resource room at 457 SF falls short of the required 800 SF by 42.9%.

(4) 1st grade classrooms at 803 SF fall short of the required 975 SF by 17.6%.

(8) classrooms; three Pre-K rooms, two Virginia Preschool Initiative rooms and three Kindergarten rooms all at 960 SF fall short of the required 975 SF by 1.5%.

The library at 2,081 SF falls short of the required 2,250 SF by 7.5%, space could be re-allocated and the library expanded into the library workroom as the workroom is ±483 SF larger than recommended 150 SF minimum.

Lastly, the music room fails to provide any storage.

Area B, Clifton Middle School: With a total of 52 spaces, 11 fall short of the minimum requirements;

(3) Science rooms at 982 Sf fall short of the required 1,000 SF by 1.8%, space could be reallocated and the lab expand into the computer room.

(5) Special Education classrooms between 711 SF & 725 SF fall short of the required 750 SF by 3.3%-5.2%.

The chorus room storage at 165 SF falls short of the 200 SF required by 17.5%.

The band room storage at 184 SF falls short of the 200 SF required by 8%.

The art room storage at 56 SF falls short of the 400 SF required by 86%.

All other spaces observed complied with DOE space recommendations.

Recommended parking equates to 183 spaces for staff (estimated based on overall capacity) and 149 for visitors (10% of overall student capacity) equates to a total of 332 parking spaces. Current parking is at 247 spaces and falls short of the required 332 by 25.5%, thus adding a minimum of 85 parking spaces is recommended.

Area A, Mountain View Elementary School: 86 spaces for staff (estimated based on capacity) and 75 for visitors (10% of student capacity) equates to 161 spaces. Current parking is at 105 spaces and falls short of the required 161 by 34.8%, thus adding a minimum of 56 parking spaces is recommended.

Area B, Clifton Middle School: With 97 spaces for staff (estimated based on capacity) and 74 for visitors (10% of student capacity) equates to 171 spaces. Current parking is at 142 spaces and falls short of the required 171 by 17%, thus adding a minimum of 29 parking spaces is recommended.

Note: The above square feet and dimensional information was extracted from existing floor plans provided by Covington City Public Schools. These floor plans were not checked for accuracy as the scope of services did not include this service.