Introduction

Covington High School has a current student enrollment of 332, as of March 5, 2020. The number of staff serving the school is 49 . The school was built in 1939 with additions in 1962 and additions and renovations 1990. Each of the areas of the building will be referred to as Building A, B, or C (see Key Plan attached). The total square footage is 89,375. The building was added to the National Register of historic places May 15, 2008, and the Virginia Landmarks register on March 20, 2008.

Building A-1939 (56,700 square feet) Building A is a three-story masonry structure with a brick facade. The basic structural components consist of masonry bearing walls, steel bar joist and metal roof deck structure and concrete slab floors. The roof is flat with a slight slope towards the roof drains. The roof drainage is collected at these roof drains and disbursed through concealed rain leaders in the building. The windows were replaced in 2004 with single hung insulated energy efficient units. These windows are in good condition but have no screens.

1. Building B-1962 (30,175 square feet) Building B is a two-story masonry structure with a brick facade. The basic structural components consist of masonry bearing walls, steel bar joist and metal deck roof and concrete slab floors. The roof is flat with a slight slope towards the roof drains. The roof drainage is collected at these roof drains and disbursed through exposed rain leaders on the building facade. The windows were replaced in 2004 with “project in” hopper type, insulated energy efficient units. These windows are in good condition but have no screens.

2. Building C-1990 additions and renovations (2,500 square feet additions) Building C is a three-story masonry structure with a brick facade. The basic structural components consist of masonry bearing walls, steel bar joist and metal roof deck and concrete slab floors. The roof is flat with a slight slope towards the roof drains. The roof drainage is collected at these roof drains and disbursed through exposed rain leaders in the building. The existing
windows are insulated painted aluminum and appear to be in good condition.

Civil Assessment (Site and Outdoor Facilities)

Covington High School is currently situated on an approximately 7.65-acre site. The recommended size for new high school site is 10 acres as recommended by the Virginia Department of Education Regulations for Public School Building Construction. The number of parking spaces is inadequate at 75 spaces on site and estimated 75 spaces across Lexington street, for a total of 150 spaces. The bus loading area allows student drop-off near the main entrance and is separate from the parent drop off. The school is currently served by city water and sewer. The parent drop-off is located on Lexington street directly in front of the school and appears to work efficiently.

Recommended parking equates to 110 spaces for students (1/3 enrollment). 49 spaces for current staff and 10% for visitors at 33 spaces for a total of 192 spaces.
Recommendation: Add parking for 42 additional spaces. This is not included in the cost estimate due to concerns over where the additional spaces could be located.

Hardscapes: Pavement, Curbing and Sidewalks
Overall the site pavement and sidewalks are in good condition. The car lot pavement is in fair condition with signs of typical cracking and wear which could be addressed by filling the cracks and resealing the surface of the asphalt. The concrete handicapped ramp and railing are in good condition.

Storm Drain Systems & Surface Drainage
According to Covington City School’s maintenance personnel there are several terracotta storm drain lines in the alleyway adjacent to the boiler room that have collapsed causing drainage issues during hard rains. These lines also carry roof drainage from the adjacent buildings.
Recommendation: Replace collapsed underground storm drainage lines. Estimated length of 100 feet.

Traffic/Vehicular Circulation
The side bus loop appears short to allow for multiple buses to que at once without entering or blocking adjacent streets. A new configuration with additional queuing length is recommended, which would likely require utilizing the front lawn area for the loop extension with encroaching onto the adjacent access street. Another more aggressive approach would be to close W Oak street to public traffic and re-configure for an improved bus loop and additional parking. These are not considered immediate needs unless there is an enrollment increase.

Fencing & Landscaping
The masonry fencing surrounding the football field has numerous settlement cracks and could become a safety hazard if not repaired. All existing landscaping appears to be in good condition.
Recommendation: Remove and replace all cracked and damaged masonry fencing at perimeter of football field.

ADA & Fire Code Compliance
ADA parking and access ramps are in good condition and appear to be serving the school as designed. Fire truck access is good at the perimeter of the school. Field observation did not observe any fire hydrants at the perimeter of the school.

Architectural Assessment

Exterior
The building is generally in good condition. The exterior brick walls are in good condition with some areas that have cracking in the face brick. According to past studies and maintenance personnel these cracks have been observed for many years. All windows are in good condition as they were replaced in 2004. It appears that in some areas water has entered into the brick cavity wall and pushed some mortar and brick out of alignment. It appears that the water problem was corrected when the new roof was installed. This occurs on the exterior of building B facing the courtyard.
Recommendations: Install crack monitors to gauge any future movements or cracks getting larger. Aesthetics could be improved by repointing adjacent mortar joints. Install screens on the operable windows. Replace brick and mortar that was displaced by water intrusion and examine steel brick angle for deterioration. Estimated to be 300 square feet.

Interior- Building A

Classrooms- In general the classrooms are aesthetically in good condition. Most all the flooring is hardwood over wood sleepers, these floors are still in good condition. The walls consist of a glazed masonry wainscot with plaster walls above, and in good condition. The window shades are showing some age. The lighting fixtures are older type inefficient up- lighting pendant fixtures and need replacement. Display and marker boards are in poor condition and need replacement. The gypsum board ceilings are in good condition just need some patching and painting.

Corridors- The Flooring consists of terrazzo that is still in very good condition. The walls are glazed masonry with plaster above and in good condition. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and in good condition.

Doors- The hardware throughout the building is old and beginning to deteriorate and needs to be replaced. The interior doors are stained wood panel doors with divided lite panes on the top. These doors are original to the building and need to be replaced. The existing hollow metal door frames and transoms are in satisfactory condition. The existing exterior doors were replaced in 2004 with Fiberglass reinforced polyester (FRP) doors and hardware, therefore in good condition. The current door hardware does not comply with current building codes for accessibility.

Toilets-The existing toilets were renovated in 2004 therefore still in satisfactory condition. The tile wainscot and floors are in good condition. Some of the toilet partitions have rusted and could be replaced as a general maintenance item. Some of the plaster ceilings have water stains and could be painted as a general maintenance item.

Cafeteria- Vinyl composition flooring and painted masonry walls is in good condition. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and in poor condition. The lighting fixtures are older type inefficient T12 fixtures and need replacement. The window shades are in poor condition and need replacement.

Band room- Carpet flooring is on poor condition and needs replacement. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and in poor condition. The lighting fixtures are older type inefficient T12 fixtures pendant fixtures and need replacement. The window shades are in poor condition and need replacement. Door lockets in poor condition and don’t meet accessibility standards.

Kitchen- The quarry tile floors, and ceramic tile wainscot walls are in good condition. The serving lines appear to be adequate for the number of students being served but should be reconfigured if the student enrollment increases over 500. The lighting fixtures are inefficient T12 style fixtures
and need replacement. The existing gypsum board ceiling is in good condition.

Auditorium/Stage- The auditorium seating was recently replaced in the main seating area and in great condition. The seating located in the balcony is in poor condition and needs replacement. The linear sconce style fixtures located on the perimeter walls are not operational and need replacement. The house lights are in poor condition, difficult to maintain and need replacement. The stage has no handicapped access. The restrooms serving the auditorium are not handicapped accessible.

Stair towers- stairs are generally in good condition. The existing glazed masonry wainscot will need to be repaired in the stair tower adjacent to the 2nd floor history classroom. The wainscot appears to have settled over time and contains substantial cracking, recommend removal and applying new finish to masonry back up wall. The handrails will need to be extended to meet current building codes.

Administration area- The administration areas are all in very good condition, the casework, walls and gypsum board ceilings are all in very good condition. These spaces were all renovated in the 1990. The carpet floors appear to be new and in good condition. The fluorescent pendant up lights
functioning properly and providing adequate lighting.

Recommendations building A: Classrooms- Replacement of all window shades, lighting fixtures, chalk, marker and display boards. Replace band room carpeting, ceilings and light fixtures. Replace all interior doors and hardware. Replace seating and lighting in balcony. Add handicapped lift adjacent to stage. Renovate existing restrooms serving auditorium to provide handicapped accessibility, consider modifying women’s restroom into a unisex accessible toilet. Replace kitchen lighting fixtures. Remove glazed masonry wainscot in stair adjacent to 2nd floor history classroom.

Interior- Building B

Classrooms- In general the classrooms are aesthetically in good condition. Most all the flooring is Vinyl composition tile over concrete, these floors are still in good condition. The walls consist of painted masonry and in good condition. The window shades are showing some age. The lighting
fixtures are older type inefficient T12 fixtures and need replacement. Display and marker boards are in poor condition and need replacement. The ceiling is a 24”x 24’ suspended acoustical and needs replacement.

Lab Classrooms- In general the classrooms are aesthetically in good condition. Most all the flooring is Vinyl composition tile over concrete, these floors are still in good condition. The walls consist of painted masonry and in good condition. The window shades are showing some age. The
lighting fixtures are older type inefficient T12 fixtures and need replacement. Display and marker boards are in poor condition and need replacement. The ceiling is a 24”x 24’ suspended acoustical and needs replacement. The lighting fixtures are older type inefficient T12 fixtures and need
replacement. The existing laboratory casework is in poor condition. Some of the doors have deteriorated and fallen off. The exhaust hoods are older and need replacement.

Corridors- The Flooring consists of terrazzo that is still in very good condition. The walls are glazed masonry with plaster above and in good condition. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and in poor condition. The lighting fixtures are older type inefficient T12 fixtures and
need replacement.

Doors- The hardware throughout the building is old and beginning to deteriorate and needs to be replaced. The interior doors are stained flush wood doors with a square lite. These doors are original to the building and need replacing. The existing hollow metal door frames are in satisfactory condition. The current door locksets do not comply with current building codes for accessibility. The existing exterior hollow metal doors and frames are painted and are in satisfactory condition.

Toilets- The existing toilets are in satisfactory condition. The tile wainscot and floors are in good condition. The toilet partitions need to be relocated to provide handicapped accessibility along with providing new toilet accessories.

Gym- The gymnasium floor is finished hardwood and in good condition. The flooring and walls are generally in good condition. The toilet rooms need renovated to provide for handicapped accessibility. Locker room showers to be renovated to provide for new storage and reduce the amount of shower occupant capacity. Lobby entrance toilets need renovation to provide for handicapped accessibility.

Recommendations building B: Replacement of all window shades, lighting fixtures, chalk, marker and display boards. Reconfiguration of toilet partitions providing for handicapped accessibility and new toilet accessories. Replace acoustical tile ceilings, grid and light fixtures throughout building B. Replace doors and hardware to comply with handicap accessibility. Renovate gym locker room toilets, showers and main entrance toilets to provide for handicapped accessibility. Replace lab casework.

Interior- Building C- The existing windows are insulated painted aluminum and are in good condition. The existing aluminum doors and frames are in good condition. The interior doors are clear finished birch and are in good condition. The existing hollow metal frames appear to be in good condition. The toilet room are handicapped accessible and in good condition. The walls in the classroom and corridor are painted concrete block and in good condition. The ceilings in the corridors and classroom are 24" x 24" suspended acoustical tile ceiling in good condition. The existing painted concrete floor in the corridor is in good condition, however it is recommended that 12”x12” VCT flooring be installed to reduce the chance of slipping and
improve the overall appearance. The smoke hatch located in the stair tower is in poor condition and requires constant repair, recommend removal. This hatch is a code requirement for releasing smoke in an open stair tower. It is recommended that doors be added in the first-floor corridor to remove the need for the smoke hatch.

There is some structural cracking in the exterior walls that have been present for several years. It is recommended that these walls have crack monitors installed for future monitoring of any additional movement.

ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) Compliance

A limited ADA Compliance Assessment of Covington High school was conducted as part of RRMM’s Facilities Assessment. The following opportunities to provide additional accessible accommodations for students, staff and visitors were noted:

1. Provide handrails on both sides and the center of the auditorium and cafeteria entrance stairs.

2. Add automatic operator to exterior door leading to auditorium.

3. Add handrail extensions to interior stair handrails.

4. Upgrade all door lockets to lever handles.

5. Replace several of the existing water fountains with dual height accessible water fountains including cane skirts under the high side.

6. In the restrooms noted above provide accessible sized stalls, install the proper grab bars and protective plumbing wrap on the exposed piping beneath the accessible lavatories.

7. Install accessible direction and room signage throughout the building.

8. Install signage indicating the location of accessible toilets.

9. Provide exterior signage indicating the location of the accessible entrance.

10. Add ADA lift to provide access to the stage in the auditorium.

Plumbing Fixture Count

The plumbing fixture count is code compliant for the current student enrollment. If enrollments increase the plumbing fixture counts shall be re-evaluated.

Roof Systems Assessment

Most all the roofs were replaced in 2018 and remain in good condition. The roofs appear to be fully adhered Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) membrane systems. There are several roof areas that the existing ballast was re-installed over EPDM membrane for anchorage of the membrane
system. All the existing copings and counterflashing’s were left as installed in the previous roof system. Exiting coping system appeared to be in good condition with some areas in need of additional caulking.

Most of the low slope roof areas are surrounded by low parapet walls and are drained by thru-wall scuppers. The thru-wall scuppers drain into conductor heads with downspouts which tie into storm receivers at grade. Several roof areas contain interior drain system which appear to be in good
condition with all newly replaced strainers. Some roof slope directly into exterior gutter and downspout systems. The roofs are very lightly penetrated with roof top vents and piping.

Recommendations: The flat roof above the auditorium is showing a substantial amount of standing water and would recommend removing this membrane and adding tapered insulation with new membrane to ensure water is flowing towards roof drainage systems.

Asbestos containing materials

The information below was extracted from the AHERA triennial reinspection of asbestos containing materials (ACM), done by Wesley Hamrick.

The remaining identified ACM is ceiling plaster that is above the first-floor hall ceiling, Library ceiling, Room 204 ceiling, stairwell ceilings and pipe insulation exposed in the Gym. The ceiling plaster in Room 204 and the stairwells are painted and in good condition. In the Library, the ceiling plaster is damaged and will need maintenance. The pipe insulation in the Gym is in good condition.

Due to the potential for damage, the pipe insulation in the Gym should be the highest priority for removal. The staff should observe the Library and Room 204 for any damage to the ceiling and report any damage to the Superintendent.

Recommendations: Remove asbestos from piping in gym and ceiling in library.

Mechanical Systems Assessment

General:

The building HVAC was renovated around 1989. Most of those systems have exceeded their BOMA expected lifetime. Ductless split system cooling was added to classrooms about 3-4 years ago, along with rooftop unit cooling in a number of common spaces.

Central heating and Cooling Systems:

There is no central cooling system. Classrooms are served by ductless split system air conditioners (with a few exceptions) and natural ventilation through windows. Hallways, weight room, shops, alternate education rooms, and lounge do not have air conditioning. Rooftop air conditioners with gas heat and heat pumps serve single zone type spaces.

Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) systems were added to serve additional classroom spaces (did not have drawings to confirm this).

Central gas-fired heating water boilers (2) in the 1940 section serve most of the building heating requirements for that section. The Spencer boiler appears that it may be from the 1940 construction, coal-fired, converted to natural gas at some point. A Hurst boiler was installed in 2001-2002.

Central gas-fired heating water boilers (2) in the 1961 section serve most of the building heating requirements for that section.

Baseboard heaters in classrooms and hallways appear to be of 1961 construction. In bathrooms, baseboard heater covers are badly damaged.

A large number of spaces have ceiling paddle fans to supplement and distribute cooling air.

HVAC Controls: Local controls only for each piece of air conditioning or heating equipment. Most of the central boiler controls in the boiler room appear to be abandoned.

Ducts: Many of the ducts in this building are of various ages. Where accessible old ducts can be sealed. In all cases, older duct should be internally cleaned.

HVAC Insulation: Insulation on piping is less than that required by current energy codes. Given the age, it is likely that piping insulation elbows have asbestos containing material (unless this has been removed). Piping insulation in hallways is abraided, allowing glass fibers into the air.

Packaged HVAC Units: A number of rooftop air conditioners and heat pumps serving common areas were added or replaced in 2017. The auditorium unit appears to be of advanced age, but was not replaced when other auditorium-area rooftop AC units were replaced.

Major Exhaust Equipment: Rooftop exhaust fans appear to be of 1961 vintage.

Air devices: Ceiling air devices are of various ages. In a few cases, they are of light duty, but most air devices are fairly heavy and in some of the older cases, air return vents appear to be of iron.

Compressors/Refrigeration, and Pumps: Heating water pumps in the 1940 section appear to be in reasonably good condition. Heating water pumps in the 1961 section do not look as good and should be replaced.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

All costs include contractor’s OH&P.

Much of the recent cooling additions are still fairly new. In lieu of replacing reaming systems as the BOMA age limits require, a low-cost alternative may be to provide the following improvements:

1) Replace all building temperature controls with centralized control system. $600,000

2) Internally clean all ductwork and air devices in the auditorium and cafeteria, music, administration, and similar spaces. Seal all joints where accessible. $75,000

3) Add HVAC to hallways, weight room, shops, alternate education rooms, and lounge, $250,000

4) Replace main Auditorium rooftop AC unit. $40,000

5) Replace all existing exhaust fans $27,000

6) Replace all boilers with gas fired condensing type. $100,000

7) Add hot water reset controls to existing boilers. $25,000

8) Replace heating water baseboard covers in bathrooms. $20,000

9) Replace pumps in 1961 section. $45,000

10) Replace kitchen hood and makeup system with engineered make-up and exhaust kitchen hood and air handling accessories. $58,000

11) Repair exposed piping insulation in hallways and elsewhere as required. $20,000

If the entire HVAC system were to be replaced, the expected cost could be around $3,350,000.

Electrical Systems Assessment

The Main Electrical Service to Covington High School is more than 30 years old and is rated approximately 120/208V-3Ph-2600A, through a combination of multiple main disconnect switches. The main electrical service equipment serves “vintage” mechanical equipment, kitchen, lighting, and receptacle branch circuit panelboards throughout the building that are operating beyond their useful life. A limited number of newer branch circuit panelboards have been added in recent years to serve additional receptacles and newer mechanical equipment. The “vintage” 120/208V branch circuit panelboards in the building should be replaced with new panelboards, sized and arranged to serve the current power needs of the school, and installed to comply with the current National Electrical Code. It is also recommended that the main electric service disconnects be consolidated into one (1) main disconnect switch within a service entrance-rated switchboard. The building does not have a backup emergency generator.

Interior Lighting consists mostly of fluorescent light fixtures with T-8/T-12 fluorescent lamps and electronic/magnetic ballasts, as well as some compact fluorescent fixtures. Depending upon each space configuration and occupant use, existing light fixtures are recessed, surface-mounted, or pendant mount type. Gymnasium lighting is comprised of HID high-bay type fixtures that are inefficient and lack flexibility in control. There are many areas of the building where lighting levels are not in accordance with IESNA recommendations regarding maintained foot-candle levels, light uniformity, and light distribution for the current use of the space. Additionally, some light fixtures need to be replaced due to physical damage or failure of the fixture components. Lighting controls in most areas are not in compliance with current International Energy Conservation Code standards.

Emergency Egress Lighting is present in the building and is provided through a combination of wall-mounted emergency lighting units in some locations and emergency lighting integral to exit light fixtures in the common spaces of facility. The emergency lighting scheme appears to be
inadequate to provide safe egress from the building during loss of normal power. Exit Lighting is present throughout, and the fixtures appear to be in reasonable working condition, although the backup battery functions were not tested on the day of observation.

Exterior Lighting is provided primarily through a combination of under-canopy and wallmounted light fixtures. The existing exterior lighting provides minimal lighting for safety and security of people entering and exiting the building during evening hours. Any new exterior lighting provided should be high efficiency LED-type, with integral emergency drivers in any light fixtures located at exterior egress exits. An assessment should be completed to determine the necessary lighting upgrades, and it should include a nighttime survey of the parking areas as well to determine the extent of pole lighting also required.

The building has an older addressable Fire Alarm System. It was observed that some device locations are either not NFPA 72 compliant, or the coverage areas of the notification devices are inadequate. The existing fire alarm system should be replaced with a more complete system which
meets the current edition of NFPA 72 and provides voice evaluation alarms according to the most recently adopted Virginia Construction Code.

Receptacles and Data Outlets are located throughout the building and in instructional spaces to serve the current needs of the teachers, students and staff. Additional receptacles and data/telecom outlets have been added over time in the instructional spaces utilizing surface raceway. It appears
that more receptacle and data/telecom outlet are needed in several classroom areas, with quantities to be determined by the projected future use of each instructional space. If additional receptacles are necessary, a limited number of electrical panelboards would be required as well to serve these
receptacles and any specialty equipment requiring electrical power.

The building has a Public Address/Intercom System with wall-mounted speakers located throughout, and call-in switches provided in the classrooms. In addition, there is a Security Camera System in place for general surveillance of the common spaces. The Auditorium is equipped with Audio/Visual and Theatrical Lighting Systems that appear to be operating beyond their useful life. The Gymnasium has a dedicated Public Address System that provides basic sound reinforcement for the space, but it needs to be replaced with a more modern system that better suits the current needs of the school.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

Upgrade the power distribution system, by replacing the main service entrance equipment and existing panelboards that are outdated. $300,000

Provide additional point-of-use power in selected areas by adding a limited number of new branch circuit panelboards and receptacles for future space needs. $40,000

Replace all exit lighting. $12,500

Improve the emergency egress lighting in most areas of the school. $30,000

Replace the interior lighting throughout the building and provide automatic lighting controls that are IECC compliant. $625,000

Upgrade exterior building lighting to LED-type and provide additional light fixtures to ensure security lighting coverage. $50,000

Provide a new fire alarm system for the entire facility. $150,000

Miscellaneous modifications to power distribution system to accommodate mechanical and plumbing upgrades. $100,000

Provide new public address/intercom system for the school. $175,000

Provide new sound and theatrical lighting systems in the auditorium. $150,000

Provide new sound system for the gymnasium. $40,000

Plumbing Systems Assessment

Some toilet fixtures have been replaced and are ADA compliant. Most fixtures, including lab fixtures are original to the building, with some not even having hot water. The locker room area is in poor condition. Recommend renovations to all toilets that have not already been renovated and adding hot water to all hand washing fixtures.

The domestic water service does not have a backflow preventer at the entrance. Recommend adding an RPZ backflow preventer to the incoming service and to all feeds to boiler systems.

Domestic hot water is produced by multiple Rheem gas-fired water heaters and storage tanks. The existing units are in good condition. Recommend evaluating the loads and properly size and zone for the correct usage.

The sanitary lines in the building are the original hub and spigot cast iron pipe. There is no indication that the system is not working properly.

The Kitchen sink drain lines connect directly to the drainage system, which is not in compliance with health department regulations. Drain piping from the sinks should be installed to discharge indirectly to floor sinks. The grease interceptor could not be located.

The natural gas system serves Rooftop equipment, boilers, the water heater and kitchen equipment. No deficiencies were observed in the natural gas system.

This facility does not have a sprinkler system, however, there are some limited area systems for storage rooms, shops and boiler rooms.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

Modify the incoming water service and boiler feed to add an RPZ backflow preventer. $9500

Replace all fixtures with ADA compliance and water saving measures. $142,500

Modify kitchen sanitary sewer system for meeting current health department and IPC requirements. $15,000

Add grease interceptor. $12,000

Modify existing hot water systems for load and zoning. $15,000

Sprinkle the entire building. $275,000 optional.

Enrollment Capacity and DOE standards

The Current enrollment as of March 5, 2020; 8th grade 77, 9th grade 65, 10th grade 60, 11th grade 68, 12th Grade 62, Total enrollment 332. These numbers do not exceed the building capacity based on the number of classrooms and the size of the educational spaces usually closely approximate
the sizes of spaces recommended in Department of Education guidelines for the current enrollment.

Capacity
The school student capacity equates to 742, with expectations that the staff would also increase to 75, for a total capacity of 817. This would need to be verified with administration. All three second floor science labs fall short of the 1100 SF requirement by 10%. Seven of the second-floor classrooms fall short of the 700 SF requirement by 5%. Six of the third-floor classrooms fall short of the 700 SF requirement by 5%. With a total of 32 classrooms, 16 of these classrooms fall below the required square footage recommended by the DOE. Classroom reconfiguration could correct these deficiencies. Based upon a student capacity of 742 the kitchen falls short of the recommended square footage by 600 square feet. This number is based upon serving 600 to 800 meals per day. Space could be reallocated and expand the kitchen into the Dining area, as it is 1000 SF larger than recommended. All other spaces observed and complied with DOE space recommendations.

Recommended parking equates to 247 spaces for students (1/3 capacity). 75 spaces for current staff (estimated based on capacity) and 10% for visitors at 75 spaces equates to 397 spaces. Current parking is at 150 spaces, thus recommend adding 247 spaces.

Note: The above square feet and dimensional information was extracted from existing floor plans provided by Covington City Public Schools. These floor plans were not checked for accuracy as the scope of services did not include this service.