INTRODUCTION

Alleghany High School has a current student enrollment of 616 students, grades 9 thru 12. The current staff count is 92 persons. The building construction was completed in 1963. A major renovation was completed in 2014 thus leaving the facility in very good condition. The total building gross square footage is 108,362 with some portions two stories in height. The current building site is approximately 34 acres, sharing the site with Jackson River technical center. The building does currently have handicapped parking spots and accessibility from the parking lot. Total parking spaces equates to 210 parking spaces. The bus loop is not separated from pedestrian traffic but does appear to be large enough to accommodate bus drop off activities.

The building has a brick façade with concrete masonry load bearing back up and interior walls. The roof structure is bar joists bearing on the exterior and interior walls. The windows are project in operable in aluminum frames with insulating glazing and in good condition. The roof was replaced in 2018 with a coated membrane roofing system. The roof drainage is interior drain systems. With the recent renovations and replacements this building is in good condition.

CIVIL ASSESSMENT (Site and Outdoor Facilities) 

The current building site is approximately 34 acres, sharing the site with Jackson River technical center. The building does currently have handicapped parking spots and accessibility from the parking lot. Total parking spaces equates to 210 parking spaces. Recommended spaces include 1/3 for students at 205 spaces, 10% for visitors at 62 and current staff at 92, for a total of 359 spaces. The bus loop is not separated from pedestrian traffic but does appear to be large enough to accommodate bus drop off activities. The parking lots appear to have been sealed and restriped recently, and in good condition. The sidewalks and concrete pads all appear to be in good condition. The grounds and outdoor playing fields all appear to be well kept and in good condition. The tennis courts and track need re-surfacing and striping.

Recommendation: Re-surface and stripe tennis courts and track. Add 150 parking spaces.

Storm Drain Systems & Surface Drainage
The storm drainage system appears to be working properly and in good condition.

Traffic/Vehicular Circulation
Vehicular circulation appears adequate with good access to loading and maintenance areas. The bus loop is not separated from pedestrian traffic but does appear to be large enough to accommodate bus drop off activities.

ADA & Fire Code Compliance
The building does currently have handicapped parking spots and accessibility from the parking lot. Field observation did not observe any fire hydrants at the perimeter of the school. Fire department access is good at the entire perimeter of the school.

Architectural Assessment

Exterior
The building exterior is generally structurally sound. The exterior brick walls are in good condition but slightly dirty and could use pressure washing. The exterior concrete walks and pads are become soiled over the years and need also pressure washing. All exterior roll up service doors appear to be in good condition but could use some painting. The aluminum exterior entrance doors and storefronts all appear to be in very good condition. The hollow metal exterior service doors and frames are also in good condition. The windows are project out operable, with insulating glazing and in good condition.

Recommendations: Pressure wash the entire school including concrete pads and sidewalks.

Interior                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Classrooms- In general the classrooms are in very good condition. The flooring is vinyl composition tile and in fair condition. The walls consist painted masonry and in very good condition. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and the lighting were installed in the 2014 renovations and in very good condition. The lighting is a recessed fluorescent (T8) fixture with acrylic lenses and in very good condition.

Corridors- The Flooring consists of quarry tile that is still in good condition, there are several cracks throughout but to be expected over time. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and the lighting were installed in the 2014 renovations and in very good condition. The lighting is a recessed fluorescent (T8) fixture with acrylic lenses and in very good condition. Some corridor walls are brick and in good condition.

Recommendations: Replace broken or damaged quarry tile. Estimated to be 100 square feet.

Administration- In general the administration area is in good condition. Flooring is carpet and Vinyl composition tile that is in good condition. Hollow metal interior windows and door frames in good condition but could use painting. Built in casework is older but appears to be in good condition. The walls consist painted masonry and in very good condition. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and the lighting were installed in the 2014 renovations and in very good condition. The lighting is a recessed fluorescent (T8) fixture with acrylic lenses and in very good condition.

Interior Doors- The door hardware appears to be original to building and needs replacement to comply with ADA standards. The current lockets are knob type and do not comply. The interior doors are stained flush wood doors and in fair condition.
Could consider replacement or refinishing in the future but not immediate need. The associated hollow metal frames are all in good condition, could use a coat of paint in the future.                                                                                                                                                                Recommendations: Replace all door hardware throughout the building.

Restrooms-The restrooms do not meet current ADA standards for accessibility. None of the toilet rooms have adequate handicapped sized stalls or required grab bars and accessories. The flooring is the original quarry tile. The quarry tile is in fair condition, could use a good steam cleaning to
revive the grout joints. The walls consist of glazed masonry wainscot in most locations and ceramic tile in a few locations, with plaster above. The walls are in fair condition.
Recommendations: Renovate large group toilets and locker room toilets to comply with current ADA standards. This would include replacing all finishes.
Library- has carpeted floor in very good condition. The walls are painted masonry and gypsum board and in very good condition. Some of the doors were replaced during a recent renovation and in very good condition. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and the lighting were
installed in the 2014 renovations and in very good condition. The lighting is a recessed fluorescent (T8) fixture with acrylic lenses and in very good condition.

Science Labs – Appear in good condition. Appear to have the casework original to the building. The flooring is VCT and in good condition. The lab tops are epoxy resin and in fair condition. Could possible replace the casework and tops in the future but not immediate need. The ceilings are suspended acoustical grid system and the lighting were installed in the 2014 renovations and in very good condition. The lighting is a recessed fluorescent (T8) fixture with acrylic lenses and in very good condition. All the labs have the required emergency shower and emergency gas shut
off as required by code.

Auditorium- the auditorium is in very good condition, with recently replaced seating and carpeting. The stage rigging and lighting appears to be original to the building but still in good condition. The sound system appears to be very good condition. There is no interior ADA access to the stage. Recommend adding chair lift.

Gymnasium- Has a poured gym floor that has been recently resurfaced and in very good condition. The lighting is HID metal Halide that provides acceptable lighting in the gym. The goals, bleachers and equipment are in very good condition. The lighting fixtures would provide better more efficient lighting if replaced with LED, but not an immediate need.

Locker rooms-The locker rooms are in fair condition and could use improvements. Some of the floors are painted with chipping starting to occur and in fair condition. The restroom areas are original to the school and in poor condition with some toilet stalls damaged and missing. The lockers rooms and shower do not currently comply with ADA standards.
Recommendations: Renovate locker rooms showers and toilets to comply with ADA standards
and improve efficiency by eliminating the larger group shower configurations.

Stairs- the stair towers are in good condition except for the handrails don’t have the extension required by current building code.
Recommendations: Modify existing handrails to include the required handrail extensions.

ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) Compliance

A limited ADA Compliance Assessment was conducted. The following opportunities to provide additional accessible accommodations for students, staff and visitors were noted:
  1. Modify handrails in the stair towers to comply with ADA standards.
  2. Signage is original to the building and needs replaced with ADA complaint braille signage.
  3. Renovate restrooms throughout to comply with ADA standards.
  4. With the addition of the elevator access to the second floor complies with ADA standards.
  5. One stair tower still contains and chairlift that could be removed due to the addition of the elevator.

Plumbing Fixture Count

The plumbing fixture count is code compliant for the current student enrollment. If enrollments increase the plumbing fixture counts shall be re-evaluated.

Roof System Assessment

The roof was replaced in 2018 with a coated membrane roofing system. The roof drainage is interior drain systems. The flashings and copings are all in very good condition. The roof is sloped properly with very little standing water. With the recent replacement the roof is in very good
condition.

Asbestos containing materials

The school does contain asbestos floor tile according to a report supplied by the director. The report was complete on 10-11-19.
Recommendations:
Floor tile can remain if it’s not disturbed but recommend removal during floor replacements. Also recommend a full facility asbestos survey and report by industrial hygienist.

Mechanical Systems Assessment

General:
The High School HVAC systems are the result of a major upgrade made around 2014-2016. Not all of the upgrades indicated on the construction drawings were constructed as indicated on the drawings available to us. Some rooftop outdoor air units indicated to be water source heat pumps are actually self-contained energy recovery units. Some rooftop units indicated to be water source heat pumps were installed as gas fired air cooled air conditioning units. Existing unit ventilators (UV) were left in place after the HVAC upgrade, but we understand all units have been decommissioned. Potentially the UV outdoor air intakes were fully sealed to prevent air leakage. If not, these should be sealed.

Central heating and Cooling Systems:
The new system was a water source heat pump (WSHP) system with geothermal wells as the energy source. WSHPs are located in all classrooms and as required to serve other spaces. Approximately 120 (quantity?) geothermal wells are located beyond the bus loop. Rooftop units with energy recovery and hot gas reheat are utilized for outdoor air ventilation. Rooftop geothermal heat pumps (some with energy recovery and) with hot gas reheat are utilized for single zone air conditioning of large common spaces and large classroom spaces.

HVAC Controls: Direct digital controls (DDC) were added in association with the major HVAC upgrade. A central monitoring work station is located in the school.

Ducts: A large volume of ductwork was replaced as part of the HVAC upgrade with some exceptions. Rooftop ductwork to the auditorium has significant insulation damage.

Packaged HVAC units: Based on serial numbers, around 2013 gas fired rooftop air conditioners were installed to serve the cafeteria-kitchen and auditorium areas. These units use refrigerant R-410A.

Major Exhaust Equipment: Major exhaust fans were replaced. Many of the existing gravity roof vents were reused.

Air Handling Units and Controls: See discussion on heat pumps and packaged HVAC units.

Air devices: Air devices were provided in all upgraded spaces.

Compressors/Refrigeration, and Pumps: Condenser water pumps were added as part of the HVAC upgrade.

Kitchen Hood: The existing kitchen hood was reused.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

All costs include contractor’s OH&P.

1) Correct gymnasium rooftop ductwork and insulation. $30,000
2) Verify all decommissioned Unit Ventilator outdoor air intakes have been fully sealed to prevent air leakage. If not, we estimate $25,000 for the work.

Electrical Systems Assessment

The Main Electrical Service to Alleghany High School is less than 10 years old and is rated 277/480V-3Ph-2000A. The main electrical service equipment serves newer mechanical equipment and lighting branch circuit panelboards, as well as an older 120/208V-3Ph-1600A switchboard that remained in place during the last renovation project. This 120/208V switchboard serves the older panelboards in the building, located in the corridors, kitchen, and mechanical spaces, which have reached the end of their useful life. These “vintage” 120/208V branch circuit panelboards should be replaced with new panelboards, sized and arranged to serve the current power needs of the school, and installed to comply with the current National Electrical Code. The building does not have a backup emergency generator.

Interior Lighting consists mostly of recessed light fixtures with T-8 fluorescent lamps and electronic ballasts, as well as some compact fluorescent fixtures, that are in reasonable working condition. Gymnasium lighting is comprised of HID high-bay type fixtures that are inefficient and lack flexibility in control. There are some areas of the building where lighting levels are not in accordance with IESNA recommendations regarding maintained foot-candle levels, light uniformity, and light distribution for the current use of the space (i.e., Media Center, Music and Kitchen areas). Additionally, some light fixtures need to be replaced due to physical damage or failure of the fixture components. Occupancy lighting controls are present in most spaces, as required by the International Energy Conservation Code at the time of the last lighting renovation
project.

Emergency Egress Lighting is present in the building and is provided through a combination of wall-mounted emergency lighting units in some locations and integral battery ballasts in selected fluorescent light fixtures throughout the facility. Exit Lighting is present, but the fixtures utilize
inefficient light sources and are operating beyond their useful life. Exit lights should be replaced with new LED exit lights with integral battery backup.

Exterior Lighting is provided through a combination of under-canopy and wall-mounted light fixtures. A nighttime survey of the existing lighting should be performed to evaluate the need for any exterior lighting upgrades. Any new exterior lighting provided should be high efficiency LEDtype, with integral emergency drivers in any light fixtures located at exterior egress exits. An assessment should also be completed to determine the need for any additional parking lot lighting to ensure the safety and security of anyone on the school property during evening hours.

The building has an addressable Fire Alarm System. It was observed that some device locations are either not NFPA 72 compliant, or the coverage areas of the notification devices are inadequate. The existing fire alarm system should be replaced with a more complete system which meets the
current edition of NFPA 72 and provides voice evaluation alarms according to the most recently adopted Virginia Construction Code.

Receptacles and Data Outlets are located throughout the building and in instructional spaces to serve the current needs of the teachers, students and staff. Additional receptacles and data/telecom outlets may need to be provided depending upon the projected future use of each instructional
space. If additional receptacles are necessary, a limited number of electrical panelboards would be required as well to serve these receptacles and any specialty equipment requiring electrical power.

The building has a Public Address/Intercom System with recessed ceiling and wall-mounted speakers located throughout, and wall-mounted telephone handsets provided in the classrooms. In addition, there is a Security Camera System in place for general surveillance of the common spaces. The Auditorium is equipped with Audio/Visual and Theatrical Lighting Systems that appear to be sufficient and in reasonable working order, and the Gymnasium has a dedicated Public Address System that appears to be adequate for the space.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

3) Upgrade the power distribution system, by replacing the existing panelboards that are outdated. $75,000
4) Provide additional point-of-use power in selected areas by adding a limited number of new branch circuit panelboards and receptacles for future space needs. $60,000
5) Replace all exit lighting. $12,500
6) Improve the lighting in selected areas of the school where the existing lighting is deficient. $75,000
7) Upgrade exterior building lighting to LED-type and provide additional light fixtures to ensure security lighting coverage. $40,000
8) Provide a new fire alarm system for the entire facility. $150,000
9) Miscellaneous modifications to power distribution system to accommodate mechanical and plumbing upgrades. $50,000

Plumbing Systems Assessment

The toilet fixtures in the main building were replaced 2019. The toilet fixtures in the field house have not been replaced. Minimal ADA compliance has been achieved. The science labs are in good condition.

The domestic water service does not have a backflow preventer at the entrance.

Domestic hot water is produced by two(2) PVI electric water heaters/storage tanks. The water heaters look to be about 10 years old and in good condition.

The sanitary lines are hub and spigot cast iron and there is no indication that the system is not working properly.

The Kitchen sink drain lines connect directly to the drainage system, which is not in compliance with health department regulations. Drain piping from the sinks should be installed to discharge indirectly to floor sinks.

The propane gas system serves rooftop equipment, from an above ground tank farm. No deficiencies were observed in the natural gas system.

This facility does not have a sprinkler system.

Recommended Upgrades and Budgetary Costs:

10) Modify the incoming water service and boiler feed to add an RPZ backflow preventer. $9500
11) Evaluate and modify ADA fixtures and replace fixtures in the field house. $42,000
12) Modify kitchen sanitary sewer system for meeting current health department and IPC requirements. $15,000
13) Add grease interceptor. $12,000
14) Sprinkle the entire building. $314,250-optional

Enrollment Capacity and DOE standards

Capacity
The school student capacity equates to 1103, with expectations that the staff would also increase to 100 for a total capacity of 1203. This staff increase would need to be verified with administration.

First Floor
Three classrooms on the east facing side of the first floor fall short of 700 SF by 5% on average. These could be corrected by reconfiguring adjacent oversized classrooms. Four classrooms facing the west, also fall short by 5% on average. Reconfiguration could correct this shortfall, but one
classroom would need to be omitted. The cafeteria would need to be increased by 1170 SF to accommodate the capacity listed above utilizing 2 lunch periods. The kitchen is currently 2500 SF with a minimum required SF of 2128. Thus, the kitchen cafeteria could be reconfigured to enlarge 
the cafeteria for the capacity listed. PE classroom 122 falls short of the required SF by 4% but could be reconfigured to gain space from the adjacent oversized classroom.

Second Floor
Science lab 204 fall short of the 1100 S.F. min by 3%. Science classroom 210 has no preparation room as required by VDOE, and also falls 2% short of the 1100 S.F. required. Classroom 219 is 8% below the required S.F. Could possibly trade this classroom with another to accommodate the
required SF. Spaces not listed, comply with recommended square footages from the VDOE.

Parking based upon capacities, recommended parking shall be 110 spaces for visitors (10% of enrollment) ,1 per staff member, estimated at 100, and 1/3 of the student enrollment (367 spaces). If at capacity this would equate to 577 spaces. Current parking is at 210 spaces thus adding 367
parking spaces.

Note: The above square feet and dimensional information was extracted from existing floor plans provided by Alleghany County Public Schools. These floor plans were not checked for accuracy as the scope of services did not include this.